The Science Behind SG Gas
- Our Discovery
- The Differences
- Patent Status
After studying the Intriguing Nature of Water for many years, the lead Chemist and Mechanical Engineer of WIT discovered the Fourth State of Water. The other three states of water are liquid, solid (ice) and steam (or water vapor that condensates back to liquid water). This Discovered fourth state of water is a restructured dioxytetrahydride molecule with a reservoir of electrons that forms a stable homogenous gas or SG (“Suratt Gourley”) Gas. The production of this Gas is created using relatively low energy heat in an electromagnetic process. The resulting gas is flammable and the only combustible by-product of this Gas reverts back to the lower energy state of liquid water. One of the phenomenal discoveries is that SG Gas-infused Water stabilizes compounds for years including hydrogen peroxide.
Additional science and related diagrams on this molecular theory can be found in our pending patent applications.
Differences from Other Water-Generated Gases
The WIT inventors have conceived of a new isomer of water – it contains the same atoms, only in a different configuration and thus exhibits different properties from normal water vapor. The gas does not cluster to create liquid water at regular atmospheric temperatures and pressures as does the molecules of normal water vapor. The gas exists in a higher energy state, and as such, burns by itself at a low temperature, melting any substrates when exposed to the gas flame. The gas flame has a uniform blue color appearance without yellow sparks indicative of water (H2O) vapor or red sparks indicative of either H2 or O2 gas contamination. Hence, we call the resulting gas (SG Gas) an ionized gas or a plasma gas.
Other gases developed by Rhodes and Brown are "dirty cocktails" with mixtures of gases including H2 or O2 gases that are generated from heat-producing electrolysis processes and can be explosive. It must be clear in our process of creating SG Gas, electrolysis does not take place. "Electrolysis" is defined as a "method of separating chemically bonded elements and compounds by passing an electric current through them." Electrolysis does not take place and no splitting of the water molecular bonds occurs, as is demonstrated by the fact that no increase in hydrogen or oxygen gas can be measured in the reaction zone during the production of SG Gas. This is a key differentiator from the processes that have resulted in other gases that were and are produced by electrolysis of water. The gases produced by electrolysis exhibit far different properties from that of SG Gas. Gases produced by electrolysis are explosive, cannot be pressurized and are heat-producing gases on ignition.
Our process for creating the more stable, safer SG Gas is neither heat producing (no electrolysis) nor involves any splitting of hydrogen and oxygen bonds from the water molecule that could create an explosive situation.
- SG Gas Appearance: Colorless, odorless and tasteless.
- Freezing Point: SG Gas does not freeze at 32o F. Gas bubbles form from SG Gas infused water after being poured into ice cubes trays and placed in a regular home freezer. The photo shows "unfrozen" SG Gas escaping from the gas bubbles under the surface of the ice cube and forming spicules of ice above the ice cubes in the tray.
- Stability: SG Gas has greater spacing of gas molecules and a higher vapor pressure.
- Pressurization: SG Gas can be stored and transported under pressures at least 1,000 psi.
- Flame when SG Gas is Ignited: Uniform blue color appearance without yellow sparks indicative of water (H2O) vapor or red sparks indicative of either H2 or O2 gas contamination.
- Flame Temperature: SG Gas flame has an estimated temperature of 270o F. while ignition of either H2 or O2 gas torch flame can reach temperatures of over 5,000o F.
- Reaction to Other Materials: SG Gas is an ionized gas or plasma gas that will, when ignited, and the flame applied to a solid substrate, melt nearly any substance within less than one minute, including metals and oxidized ceramic.
- Implosive Nature: SG Gas when ignited, is safer since it will implode instead of explode similar to that of H2 or O2 gas.
- Infusion: When SG gas is infused into a water cluster it will bond to the water molecules and create a much smaller cluster of a different shape and properties allowing it to penetrate cells and hydrate animals and plants at a substantially faster rate.
- Boiling Point: SG Gas infused into pure water has a lower boiling point.
- Oxidation/Reduction: SG Gas is an ionized gas with the potential to oxidize or reduce any substance. On a non-oxidized substrate, such as steel, the active oxygen within the molecule will chemically bond to the steel bringing it immediately to its melting temperature and releasing hydrogen, which bonds with atmospheric oxygen to produce heat. On an oxidized substrate, such as ceramic, the hydrogen reduces the substrate by chemically bonding with the oxygen present within the substrate, melting the material and releasing atomic oxygen, which then bonds with the material. This double reaction is responsible for producing much more heat than an ordinary oxidation reduction reaction.
- Expansion Rates: When ordinary gases, such as: methane, ethane, propane, butane, or acetylene are applied to rusty steel, popping and spitting of material occurs due to the explosive reaction of the ferrous oxide being separated from the non-oxidized metal due to different expansion rates. With SG Gas, this does not occur which leads us to predict oxidation and reduction are occurring simultaneously, and the expansion rates are equal.
- Even Expansion Characteristics: On concrete when heat from an ordinary gas is applied, the portion the flame touches will expand and break loose from the rest of the concrete with an explosive force and spit pieces of hot concrete outward and leave holes in the concrete surface. This does not occur with SG Gas because it is being reduced to a liquid form before the pressure of uneven expansion occurs. This process also can produce more effective bonding of diamonds to steel in the manufacturing of cutting tools.
Simply stated, SG Gas is an ionized gas capable of oxidizing or reducing almost any material without the adverse reactions created by heat producing flames. Heat is the by product of friction, in chemistry two atoms colliding together in a reaction known as oxidation and reduction cause this friction. A gas, referred to as a fuel, is usually a hydrocarbon that is easily oxidized, however, the carbon is actually what is being oxidized and the oxygen is being reduced meaning this is where friction occurs and these are the items being heated. Heat given off by these substances is refractive heat and the substances being heated are absorbing heat or, better stated, are being bombarded by fast moving hot gases. SG Gas may change the definition of melting point due to the lack of heat producing flames.
Our Patent Status
The core WIT Technology is covered by pending patents and trade secrets to allow a broad spectrum of application in meeting human and environmental needs.
The title of the pending Patent is "Method for Making a Gas from an Aqueous Fluid, Product of the Method, and Apparatus Therefor" and was prepared by WIT Inventors Ted Suratt and Robinson Burroughs Gourley. The International Publication Date under the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) was October 30, 2008 (PCT/US2008/060666 and International Publication Number WO 2008/131126 A1).
In November of 2010, the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) recommended through a Restriction Requirement that the 44 claims in the patent should be divided into fourteen groups. At least two divisionals are currently pending with the USPTO. Since the National Phase filing of the PCT in the latter part of 2010, the inventors of WIT have continued their advances in commercial applications of the Technology. In May of 2016, they also have filed a utility patent application entitled “A Method of Stabilizing Compounds in Water, Water Compositions Thereby, and Articles Containing Said Water Compositions”, prior application number 62/173,525 and application number 15161853, dated May 23, 2016.